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literature review on african star apple

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The data obtained were fitted to adsorption isotherm models. The color was found to be deep red just as reported by Musa, Isah [30] but different from Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and Ominyi, Ominyi [31] who recorded it as red. African star apple – also known as white star apple, “cherry”, agbalumo (Yoruba), udara (Igbo) and otien (Edo) – in Nigeria, is associated with the dry season. The fruits are not usually harvested from the trees, but left to drop naturally to the forest floor where they are picked [3]. Names of Star Apple in various languages of the world are also given. . A Nicolet 870 spectrometer which was equipped with a deuterated triglycine sulphate detector was used. Their results showed that the oil yield was of 21.57% and acid values were of 2.87. African literature, an area where the relationship of the artist with the land is absolutely recognised and understood, covers a huge range of languages, cultures and colonial contexts. African star apple is a tropical edible fruit that is widely consumed among Nigerians. Michael A. Anang, Michael Oteng-Peprah, Kwasi Opoku-Boadu, "Extraction and Characterisation of African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) Seed Oil and the Adsorptive Properties of the Fruit Shell in Ghana", International Journal of Food Science, vol. They are known by a variety of different names such as golden-leaf tree, caimito maduraverde in Spain, caimite and caimitier in France and cainito and ajara in Portugal. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. A. Abia, M. Horsfall Jr., and O. Didi, “The use of chemically modified and unmodified cassava waste for the removal of Cd, Cu and Zn ions from aqueous solution,”, R. R. Bansode, J. N. Losso, W. E. Marshall, R. M. Rao, and R. J. Portier, “Pecan shell-based granular activated carbon for treatment of chemical oxygen demand (COD) in municipal wastewater,”, A. H. Mahvi, D. Naghipour, F. Vaezi, and S. Nazmara, “Teawaste as an adsorbent for heavy metal removal from industrial wastewaters,”, O. S. Amuda, O. I. Ojo, and T. I. Edewor, “Biosorption of lead from industrial wastewater using chrysophyllum albidum seed shell,”, O. S. Amuda, T. I. Edewor, T. J. Afolabi, and Y.-T. Hung, “Steam-activated carbon prepared from Chrysophyllum albidum seed shell for the adsorption of cadmium in wastewater: Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies,”, F. K. Onwu and S. P. I. Ogah, “Studies on the effect of pH on the sorption of cadmium (II), nickel (II), lead (II) and chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by African white star apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) shell,”, S. E. Adebayo, B. This indicates that the seed may not be a good source of abundant oil. Fresh ripped fruits of African Star Apple were bought from some local market sellers at the University of Cape Coast Science market which is located in the Southern part of Ghana. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Impact on oxidative stress marker - malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase) were monitored in Rats stressed and fed FS. Chemical activation with CaCl2 seems not to perform as efficient as that of the ZnCl2 and MgCl2 as shown in Figure 2. Writing a literature review is the next task in progressing with my Ph.D. Published online: 13 May 2020. It is also not as thick as most drying oils whose refractive indices fall between 1.475 and 1.485 [33]. Apple have already pounced on the opportunity by creating the iPhone, iPad and Apple Watch. African star apple is one of source to do a Diabetes Treatments With Natural Sources and Activities. Adsorptive studies of the fruit shell for the removal of dye were also performed after chemical activation with CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. 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