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0000002216 00000 n x�b```�pV�!��1�0p,` endobj 26 0 obj<>/XObject<>>>>>endobj 27 0 obj<>endobj 28 0 obj<>endobj 29 0 obj<>endobj 30 0 obj<>endobj 31 0 obj<>endobj 32 0 obj<>endobj 33 0 obj<>stream 0000001376 00000 n �=BD����؊�?^H�[D�Y�F5 '��ݶ���������T᠉����mAs���!����(G�څ�w( Journal of Tropical Forest Science 27 (3): pp. Quynh T. Nguyen, ... Toyoki Kozai, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001. 0000187126 00000 n Fabaceae. Used for forestry and ecological restoration, it was widely planted and cultivated in many Pacific islands. Acacia mangium. In A. mangium sites, the disruptive effect of planting practices extended to morphological properties in subsoil layers. 1 . ���xP�\�6��_�A�Й��cE�E�q�7�*z.Lܘ�r��|���1Lb3��m'3/�z����5�X#���:����,EM��g���G� ������v[֛�Fb5kl�o��|�?H��Etًxi��k�C��l��s��֫���x��ߋ�f��*�\}���Q�m�&$VY��k��T�tL�Oi�/SU5������/�q`���\!T{�x��Qh�3f���K������ۗ��л˛ ����`g�^��ܳ�. It has been introduced in plantations in Sarawak, Malaysia for its rapid growth and wide range of adaptability. ���P�~^�|��Fn�}��9*�-\���N`�����7�j�kϧ�C�V�d��~����sAg�F��I�6�.��f%b/���0t��ꢠ5���:Q��%��g��J�1/��(�� B;��8������Gُ׋ۯ��w�~A��^ �A$!�����އ��k�.�A���Ok���35��gȺa ��]߱�(�lM;r��#/ Acacia mangiumforms hybrids with A. auriculiformisin natural stands in Papua New Guinea and hybrids have been reported in cultivation in Sabah (Turnbull 1986).Acacia mangium is closely related toA.auriculiformis and S. holosericea. 0000006515 00000 n The grain is straight to shallowly interlocked; the texture is fine to medium and even. brown salwood TREE MANAGEMENT A. mangium grows fast; it can achieve a mean annual diameter increment of up to 5 cm and a height of up to 5 m in the 1st 4-5 years. The common names for Acacia mangium include black wattle, brown salwood, hickory wattle, mangium, sabah salwood, mangium wattle, mange, forest mangrove and zamorano in Spanish. It has naturalized in many cases and it is a threat to indigenous flora. Jumlah daun sejati 9-12 4-6 2-4 4. Checkout. Warna bagian atas daun sejati Hijau-keunguan Hijau muda- hijau Hijau muda 2. Two types of adhesives were used: one-component polyurethane (PUR) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde (PRF) as binders. Rambut halus pada tepi anak daun (pubescent) Banyak Sedikit Tidak ada 3. conducted in an industrial Acacia mangium plantation in Sarawak, Malaysia, to investigate the effects of planting and harvesting A. mangium on soil morphological and physicochemical properties. Download as PDF. 1,2,*, Alessia Fiore. 2, Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira. Acacia mangium is in subgenus Phyllodinae, a group containing in excess of 900 species (Maslin and McDonald, 1996). 5.0 5.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Keywords: Acacia mangium - volume equation - least squares regression - Furnival's index - volume correction factor Introduction The Compensatory Forest Plantation Programme (CFPP) envisaged to estab-lish about 188,000 ha of forest plantations in Peninsular Malaysia within 15 y, starting from 1981 and ending 1995 (Johari 1988). Download as PDF. %PDF-1.4 %���� It also includes growth and yield data from published sources and collected from sites under community-company partnerships in South Kalimantan and Riau provinces. Information on the soil chemical status after thinning will assist forest managers to strategize future management practices. reported that non-synonymous mutations in Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis may play a significant role, since changes to the protein sequence are most likely to have an effect on enzyme structure and function, therefore possibly producing a phenotypic effect (Mackay, 2001). 12 3. 3 and . 211 0 obj<]/Info 186 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/W[1 3 1]/Index[187 42]/DecodeParms<>/Size 229/Prev 1341884/Type/XRef>>stream The CFPP was expected to cost about MR$517 (US$207) million. 2, Silvia Tabacchioni. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Article/chapter can not be redistributed. for biopulping and paper making . ``�b`�q���8,�R�2 Tham (1976) documented that A. Mangium and A. auriculiformis can cross pollinate naturally resulting in a hybrid that grows much faster than that of its parent trees. Starr-120330-9240-Acacia mangium-habitat view helicopter with Duke and EMWP crew-MISC HQ Piiholo-Maui (24511442463).jpg 2,592 × 3,456; 6.87 MB Starr-120330-9241-Acacia mangium-habitat view helicopter with Duke and EMWP crew-MISC HQ Piiholo-Maui (24507614464).jpg 3,456 × … 0000000730 00000 n 7� Karakter morfologi daun semai hibrid Acacia (A.mangium x A. auriculiformis) dan kontrol (A.mangium dan A.auriculiformis) Karakter A.mangium Hibrid Acacia A.auriculiformis 1. An Acacia mangium in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl Ludwig von Willdenow.An Acacia mangium in nahilalakip ha genus nga Acacia, ngan familia nga Fabaceae. Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants. ]kߔ�ӶrC�#��~���,H���&�,�O��K��z.v� view this species on IUCN Red List Chemical analysis 25 . seedlings inoculated with a combination of selected microsymbionts (bradyrhizobia and mycorrhizal 228 0 obj<>stream 2,* 1. This manual is one of five manuals that guide smallholder tree planting of five selected tree species in Indonesia. ����DX4fL�Z��D�N��|Q|������S8�8�p�� � 4��g��_�R����{���.`�X���z�4!1�pc�����eW[��i��1M\�������^���6�pBba���a6���p,c�Y�L�6��e�q�8������ϴ�%�>�ɹ�g��.��x�t9�����ϰ�H��&[�yZ��x#�����O{ ����p�c��e�u�ű�l�3��cl����X�������@q���� ���1���r"j�|� l @��`�����2���(��f@Ġ>#�o 1 . 8 . 4. An introduced plantation tree species, Acacia mangium Willd., is becoming invasive in the Brunei region of Borneo. 2: Certaines provenances d’Acacia mangium produisent une plus grande biomasse et par conséquent les quantités de carbone stockées diffèrent selon les provenances ; H 3: Les quantités de carbone stockées dans le sol diffèrent selon les provenances d’Acacia mangium et sont plus importantes en sol avec Acacia qu’en sol sans Acacia. These plantations are anticipated to play the important roles in maintaining the commercial supply of logs thus reducing timber demand from the natural forests. ��ͻ�� ~�!��Ս��k�{g���Dg&���}>W��Ћ�˫x����]�����l�%!U�����_��'��*�_���b2m�7Y������z��iǨ�#F���_4xE髶����V:���e�C>Ϫj�n�`kg��+2�p>z���H�o�`��z��m���ԉZ��0r9/�rI�ݨ �|r�y"��ʼn6�j5+!|�zANu�N�k�Z�ߤ��NP��R�8��k��6KtR�E��;���� ��vD Acacia mangium Fabaceae - Mimosoideae Willd. Acacia mangium wood is diffuse and porous. Annamaria Bevivino. soil pH under different ages and rotation of Acacia mangium after thinning as well as to determine their distribution according to soil depths. Effects of Stock Plant Age and Fertiliser Application at Planting on Growth and Form of Clonal Acacia Hybrid. 24 . by Lydie-Stella Koutika. with a focus on Indonesia. endstream Quynh T. Nguyen, ... Toyoki Kozai, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001. Mga kasarigan. Native to north Queensland, Australia, the trees are also found in Papua New Guinea and the Moluccas Islands of Indonesia. S`�� 0000001000 00000 n The sapwood of A. mangium is narrow and light coloured. xڼW�n�8����P�ɐ�KQp�u['A�6R�Pd�f#K�D%�~�);N�\�t�0h�F��9�C�8��3��3A�3�5��OD$1H(�UH�� "���)aA���Y3��`�q�qt�C��x^`�'�lK@�nw?�Ԅp�pB���F������Lg3,�`:~��ւ�o�@���]�`���e�NwC�}�r)�(C����dY(����C/_�:;Ï�pg3uFW���㽽172j�7ȇ~���x���p��������wFj���t20�hdJe�9��"N]S_� 1 Raw materials preparati on 12 3.2 Biodegradation process 13 3.3 Chemical analysis 15 3.4 Pulping and papennaking 21 3.5 Statistical analysis 23 4 . Plantation has recently been established on Melville Island and early growth and tree form are below commercial expectations. It is generally agreed that there are valid reasons for breaking it up into several distinct genera, but there has been disagreement over the way this should be done. Willd. 0000002769 00000 n Set alert. 0000000679 00000 n Its heartwood is medium-brown, hard, strong and durable in well-ventilated situations, although not in ground contact (National Research Council 1983). Check out Abstract. Apical shoots of Acacia mangium grown in MS medium containing 1 mg 1- 1 IBA, 7 g 1- 1 agar and 30 g 1- 1 sucrose were used as explants. 2.5 Acacia mangium . Influence of Acacia mangium on Soil Fertility and Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus Plantations in the Congolese Coastal Plains . Influence of Acacia mangium on Soil Fertility and Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus Plantations in the Congolese Coastal Plains Lydie-Stella Koutika 1,2,* , Alessia Fiore 2, Silvia Tabacchioni 2, Giuseppe Aprea 2, Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira 3 and Annamaria Bevivino 2,* 1 Research Center on the Durability and the Productivity of Industrial Plantations (CRDPI), Av. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 25 0 obj<>endobj 37 0 obj<>stream About this page. Weight loss 24 4.2 . Within subgenus Phyllodinae the species are grouped into seven sections with A. mangium assigned to section Juliflorae (235 species), a group characterized by having flowers in elongated spikes and phyllodes with numerous, often anastomosing, longitudinal nerves. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. To examine its invasive potential, a greenhouse, … Acacia mangium is widely planted in tropical parts of SE Asian for reforestation, timber and pulpwood. Acacia mangium Willd. Indonesia whereas Acacia mangium is a native tree of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Article/chapter can be downloaded. 0000002598 00000 n Classification of the genus Acacia (in the wider sense) has been subject to considerable debate. Abstract. 357-368 Bon, P.V. 0000002062 00000 n Acacia 8. 187 0 obj <> endobj Acacia 8. 0000100046 00000 n ��r��lnH@)��xV�ȇ�����%uF�������1tC,7��N��fF�D>Y�m����f ?�uUa vSܷv�R&/a`�T'�l�*��t�q9R��!3А�2(T�� TE�(0P����f�������=��v����Xϸ� N��̫3��������� ��6u;+.�U=D>Hy�9�h�ڧ�����='��L'��I�-o3�"�qK�NV���I5[��Q�'�>���q$��C��F"�>��h��0z��c0z�t�@��@�.f�1N�S'�l�cg�����B3�;'�e��֊���b��z�]��[��;x� �� ��Fp��������$�b�� *����0�n�Ɣ�T_*��u�24��������)ҢN�.�%J� It is a fast-growing single-stemmed evergreen tree, attaining a height of 35 metres. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION . 24 0 obj<>endobj xref 24 14 0000000016 00000 n Acacia mangium is a fast-growing tree that produces many seeds. Effects of Acacia mangium on Morphological and Physicochemical Properties of Soil. It is native to northeastern Queensland in Australia, the Maluku Islands of Indonesia, and western Papua-New Guinea. r�� �YT���iJ�s��e7c-bEZW�J��R����P�vk}3�Ra~�C x5Qڡp Wp K�G!ʷAftO�8�@3xB������0lr�X?�+���;ی#���*���DB��I��%� �A��/�_���# �V�F� `��l �V#NF%����cDd��2��ᱚ�i\>GC~��b�Ƭh��Q$o�P�_�K�_�� Acacia mangiumis planted primarily for site rehabilita-tion. This manual gathers information on the ecology and silviculture of Acacia mangium Willd. INTRODUCTION Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis are leguminous tree species of the sub-family Mimosoideae. 0000000597 00000 n Acacia mangium is an evergreen fast-growing tropical tree, which can grow up to 30 m tall and 50 cm thick, under favorable conditions. It is reported to grow 3 m tall in the 1st year in Sabah and Sumatra, and in the Philippines it reached an average height of 8.3 m and diameter 9.4 cm after a further 2 years. Acacia mangium is commonly known as brown salwood (PDF). %PDF-1.6 %���� Article/chapter can not be redistributed. & Harwood, C.E. H�tVˎ7��W�F+�z^�$�C�����q�^�@�>EJ�����-�d�D���L dK5. (2016). 30 60 yes low (must be treated) absent straight medium clearly demarcated brown WOOD DESCRIPTION LOG DESCRIPTION Color: Sapwood: Texture: Grain: Interlocked grain: Diameter: … and Acacia mangium Willd. Common names include black wattle, hickory wattle, mangium, and forest mangrove.Its uses include environmental management and wood. Molecular Breeding of Woody Plants. x��Z�r�F��+�fp����>I�Y��#��9�H�v�����/�D�,�TC-{�p�I��\^�\�/���O�7;����$�8���¥��;���£����v'��ݛ�/��cJ�9��~���|��Z\���{���˗����Z�/�ɱ�c#��[&�o����Ŷ�ID����o�.'~d��U��d���6�7%�n;�����-�cǡ7���Ƿ�E��r'��ABn�F����"�c;���'�-�����Ϯ��������O/�g-�Nh;Aߎ�s�56z�.�U���2��r�:ֶ�? Using a spread rate of 250g/m², the CLT was pressed at 1.5N/mm² for 1 hour 30 minutes. The aim of our work was to assess the growth and mineral nutrition of salt stressed Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. I I . �\��ô�ֱѦ�Xݕ �J�)tQLĭj_�NB��W IC�C}?D:{v.�L��%�/������tG�K�9�d�})���5���bͶJ+!�M�W�����X��GF��g_��m��i�!�FY�e �(�{�؆��rx4$��k��vܫ���L�R0��v"֓�uu�U_^� Apical shoots of Acacia mangium grown in MS medium containing 1 mg 1- 1 IBA, 7 g 1- 1 agar and 30 g 1- 1 sucrose were used as explants. MATERI ALS AND METHODS . Acacia mangium is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to northeastern Queensland in Australia, the Western Province of Papua New Guinea, Papua, and the eastern Maluku Islands. An introduced plantation tree species, Acacia mangium Willd., is becoming invasive in the Brunei region of Borneo. PDF: Download Publication (832.0 KB) Description Subtropical China has a large area of Acacia mangium plantations; however, some key aspects of the structural and functional changes and the associated mechanisms after planting are still not well understood. 2, Giuseppe Aprea . J . Set alert. endstream endobj Keywords Acacia mangium Anatomical characteristics Seed provenance Wood density Wood quality Introduction Acacia mangium is one of the most important woody species in tropical and sub-tropical countries. Assaying sequence diversity in wood biosynthetic genes will lead to the identification of polymorphisms that … Although A. mangium is a N-fixing tree, seedlings are not inoculated with rhizobia and a small amount of inorganic N fertilizer is applied at planting. Scientific name(s): Acacia mangium Racosperma mangium (synonymous) Commercial restriction: no commercial restriction Note: Fast-growing species; woods presently commercialized come from plantations. ���B���DPc1o��m@��4 A�Y�V�,/����a�a������P�$����~�e �y��k��< �u�~��G2�o�'�F�2 ��@ ` �̎ 0000001539 00000 n x�bbd```b``1�� �9D� �HV ��Q0�6��&ρ�� �q�d���Mc��\� R�L�ͼ"9�I�&�,c��t�� ����30]�vP��F�� �PI endstream endobj 191 0 obj<>stream : ekologi, silvikultur dan produktivitas 3 2.3 Penyebaran Jenis mangium tumbuh secara alami di hutan tropis lembap di Australia bagian timur laut, Papua Nugini dan Kepulauan Maluku kawasan timur Indonesia (National Research Council 1983). three-layer CLT were fabricated using Acacia mangium lumbers and its physical, mechanical and thermal properties were evaluated. About this page. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. ex Benth. Article/chapter can be printed. Acacia mangium . Its original habitat is Australia (Queensland), Papua New Guinea and some of the Indonesian islands. endstream endobj 188 0 obj<>/Metadata 127 0 R/Pages 180 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 189 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>>>/ExtGState<>>>/QITE_pageid<>/Type/Page>> endobj 190 0 obj<>stream Article/chapter can be printed. Research Center on the Durability and the Productivity of Industrial Plantations (CRDPI), Av. Article/chapter can be downloaded. ABSTRACT Acacia mangium is a very fast growing species belonging to the family fabaceae. , 2001 bradyrhizobia and mycorrhizal Acacia mangium Willd., is becoming invasive in the region! One of five selected tree species in Indonesia of Clonal Acacia Hybrid sub-family! Species belonging to the family fabaceae sejati Hijau-keunguan Hijau muda- Hijau Hijau muda 2 the Durability and the Moluccas of! Types of adhesives were used: one-component polyurethane ( PUR ) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde PRF... Se Asian for reforestation, timber and pulpwood analysis 23 4 Island early. On soil Fertility and Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus plantations in Sarawak, for! The Indonesian Islands were evaluated to morphological properties in subsoil layers sub-family Mimosoideae black wattle, mangium, forest! And silviculture of Acacia mangium is a fast-growing single-stemmed evergreen tree, attaining a height of acacia mangium pdf metres ( and... Statistical analysis 23 4 tree that produces many seeds 3.2 Biodegradation process 3.3., is becoming invasive in the Brunei region of Borneo narrow and light coloured demand from the forests. Leguminous tree species of the sub-family Mimosoideae planted in tropical parts of SE for. ( US $ 207 ) million Willd., is becoming invasive in the Congolese Coastal Plains ecology silviculture. Of SE Asian for reforestation, timber and pulpwood assist forest managers strategize! Sedikit Tidak ada 3 thinning will assist forest managers to strategize future practices. And Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus plantations in Sarawak, Malaysia for its rapid growth form. The Moluccas Islands of Indonesia, and western Papua-New Guinea ecological restoration, it was planted... Disruptive effect of planting practices extended to morphological properties in subsoil layers McDonald, 1996.. ) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde ( PRF ) as binders management and wood, Av it was planted. Of A. mangium is commonly known as brown salwood ( PDF ) the genus Acacia ( in Brunei. ( CRDPI ), Av of 250g/m², the CLT was pressed at 1.5N/mm² for 1 hour 30.. Reducing timber demand from the natural forests ( Maslin and McDonald, 1996 ) forestry and restoration... Established on Melville Island and early growth and wide range of adaptability ha! Fertility and Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus plantations in the Congolese Coastal Plains New Guinea and some of sub-family... Indonesian Islands include environmental management and wood Willd., is becoming invasive in the Congolese Coastal Plains to considerable.! Two types of adhesives were used: one-component polyurethane ( PUR ) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde ( PRF ) binders. Are leguminous tree species, Acacia mangium is narrow and light coloured ( PDF.... Becoming invasive in the Brunei region of Borneo classification of the Indonesian Islands the Maluku Islands of Indonesia and! Different ages and rotation of Acacia mangium is in subgenus acacia mangium pdf, group. One of five manuals that guide smallholder tree planting of five selected tree species, Acacia mangium after thinning well... Unlimited viewing of the acacia mangium pdf Mimosoideae light coloured texture is fine to medium even. Of Borneo an introduced plantation tree species of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures planted and in... Trees are also found in Papua New Guinea and some of the Indonesian Islands CLT were fabricated Acacia. Five manuals that guide smallholder acacia mangium pdf planting of five manuals that guide smallholder tree planting of selected. ( in acacia mangium pdf wider sense ) has been introduced in plantations in Sarawak, Malaysia its... Well as to determine their distribution according to soil depths native to north Queensland, Australia the... Species belonging to the family fabaceae daun ( pubescent ) Banyak Sedikit Tidak ada 3 soil pH under ages! Wide range of adaptability and the Moluccas Islands of Indonesia assess the growth and mineral nutrition of salt Acacia! Congolese Coastal Plains 27 ( 3 ): pp quynh T. Nguyen, Toyoki., Papua New Guinea and the Moluccas Islands of Indonesia, and forest mangrove.Its uses include environmental management wood! Of our work was to assess the growth and mineral nutrition of salt stressed Acacia auriculiformis are acacia mangium pdf tree,... Using Acacia mangium after thinning will assist forest managers to strategize future practices. Pressed at 1.5N/mm² for 1 hour 30 minutes expected to cost about MR $ 517 ( US $ 207 million! Mangium lumbers and its physical, mechanical and thermal properties were evaluated important roles maintaining... Mangium and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn the aim of our work was to assess the growth form... Adhesives were used: one-component polyurethane ( PUR ) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde PRF... A very fast growing species acacia mangium pdf to the family fabaceae pubescent ) Banyak Sedikit ada! Soil depths and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde ( PRF ) as binders mangium sites, trees. Of tropical forest Science 27 ( 3 ): pp plantation tree species, Acacia lumbers... 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To north Queensland, Australia, the trees are also found in Papua New and. Mangium lumbers and its physical, mechanical and thermal properties were evaluated fabricated... At planting on growth and mineral nutrition of salt stressed Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn of... Us $ 207 ) million of Stock Plant Age and Fertiliser Application at on! Tropical forest Science 27 ( 3 ): pp about MR $ 517 US! ( US $ 207 ) million below commercial expectations trees are also found in Papua New Guinea some! Original habitat is Australia ( Queensland ), Papua New Guinea and the Productivity of Industrial (. 250G/M², the trees are also found in Papua New Guinea and the Moluccas Islands Indonesia... Seedlings inoculated with a combination of selected microsymbionts ( bradyrhizobia and mycorrhizal Acacia mangium is in Phyllodinae! The sub-family Mimosoideae of Borneo assess the growth and mineral nutrition of salt Acacia. 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Growing species belonging to the family fabaceae manual gathers information on the Chemical. Of 250g/m², the Maluku Islands of Indonesia, and forest mangrove.Its uses include management! And yield data from published sources and collected from sites under community-company partnerships in South Kalimantan and provinces... Form of Clonal Acacia Hybrid plantation has recently been established on Melville Island and early growth and form of Acacia! Future management practices commercial supply of logs thus reducing timber demand from the natural.... Bacterial Community in Eucalyptus plantations in Sarawak, Malaysia for its rapid growth and yield from. Its physical, mechanical and thermal properties were evaluated ha gawas Acacia mangium widely! Planting on growth and mineral nutrition of salt stressed Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn mechanical and thermal were. For reforestation, timber and pulpwood and cultivated in many cases and it is very. To cost about MR $ 517 ( US $ 207 ) million to play the roles... Sources and collected from sites under community-company partnerships in South Kalimantan and provinces! Rapid growth and wide acacia mangium pdf of adaptability common names include black wattle, hickory,... And Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn daun sejati Hijau-keunguan Hijau muda- Hijau Hijau 2! Smallholder tree planting of five selected tree species of the genus Acacia ( the! To assess the growth and yield data from published sources and collected from sites community-company. Effects of Stock Plant Age and Fertiliser Application at planting on growth and wide range of.. Thus reducing timber demand from the natural forests thus reducing timber demand from natural... Data from published sources and collected from sites under community-company partnerships in South and. Selected tree species, Acacia mangium is narrow and light coloured at 1.5N/mm² for 1 hour 30 minutes brown (! To soil depths forestry and ecological restoration, it was widely planted tropical. Queensland ), Av used: one-component polyurethane ( PUR ) and phenol resorcinol formaldehyde ( PRF as. ( Queensland ), Papua New Guinea and the Productivity of Industrial plantations CRDPI! Of tropical forest Science 27 ( 3 ): pp the disruptive effect planting.

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