Lyondellbasell – News Release
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Magic Vac introduces customers to cost and performance benefits of thermoformed trailer caps made with TPO sheet and ceramic tooling
Lansing, MI, January 1, 2009 – Magic Vac is a custom thermoformer in Salt Lake City, Utah. The company has a few major customers who build trailers, and require leading-edge roof caps. In the past few years, owner-manager Larry Wilkins has introduced his customers to the cost, performance and appearance benefits of making those trailer caps from thermoformed plastic rather than fiberglass. Today the materials of choice for Magic Vac’s customers are two thermoplastic polyolefins (TPOs) from LyondellBasell.
Transition from fiberglass eliminates appearance problems
At the time Wilkins first proposed using plastic in these applications, Magic Vac was the largest former in the world of thermoplastic truck canopies — camper shells and full covers for pickup trucks. With competitors making these parts in fiberglass, the company was aware of the fading, chalking and crazing that could degrade the appearance of fiberglass canopies over time.
These same issues affected trailer caps, so a switch to thermoformed ABS solved appearance issues and provided cost reductions as well. As Wilkins explains, “The advantage of any plastic over fiberglass is in production labor costs. And in the case of trailer caps, fiberglass parts are also more expensive to install.”
While thermoformed ABS delivered immediate cost and long-term appearance benefits, the shortcomings of the material began to appear after the second winter parts had been in the field. “ABS is notch sensitive, with a tendency to propagate cracks caused by stress,” says Wilkins. “Over time these parts would start to crack, and cold weather just made it worse. Rising warranty costs were threatening the production savings.”
LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins USA Inc. www.apo.lyondellbasell.com LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins – Page 2
Sequel and Indure TPOs improve performance and appearance
After demonstrating the crack resistance of TPOs to his customers, Wilkins now supplies trailer caps made from sheets of Sequel E3000 polyolefin, co-extruded with a high-gloss cap layer of Indure 1500HG TPO. Both materials were developed specifically for sheet extrusion and thermoforming by LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins. The sheetstock is supplied to Magic Vac by two extruders, Primex and Spartech Industries.
Magic Vac now makes caps in two colors for three different trailer manufacturers in the western United States. Black caps feature a black substrate of Sequel E3000 material with a black cap layer of high-gloss Indure polyolefin. For white caps, both materials in the co-extruded sheet are white. “Our customers love the material,” says Wilkins. “The gloss is higher than ABS, approaching the best of fiberglass. And it will retain that high-gloss appearance longer than fiberglass will.”
The switch to TPO has significantly reduced warranty costs associated with ABS parts. Wilkins has not, “to this day heard of a failure in the field, related to stress cracking, on one of our TPO caps. The polyolefin material may cost a little more than ABS,” he adds, “but the savings on the warranty end more than make up the difference. And the total part cost for our customer is only about 60% of what it would be in fiberglass.”
Magic Vac invests in future of TPO applications
“Larry Wilkins is among the growing number of thermoformers who are discovering the value of working with Sequel and Indure polyolefins,” says Roger Jean, Senior Market Development Manager at LyondellBasell. Magic Vac has built a new oven that is dedicated to forming TPO parts. The new equipment provides the even heat required for these materials, and it features separately controlled top and bottom heat, with zones at the outer edges for end-to-end and side-to-side temperature control.
Wilkins has also invested time and manpower in refining his technique for forming TPO sheetstock. “We recycled a lot of unacceptable parts while we were learning,” he says, “but now our reject rates are basically the same for TPO as for ABS. The technique is different, but it’s not impossible. And the support we had from LyondellBasell throughout the process was second to none.”
LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins USA Inc. www.apo.lyondellbasell.com LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins – Page 3
In addition to having one line dedicated to TPO production, Magic Vac has partnered with a supplier in Salt Lake City to introduce ceramic tooling technology into its process. Using a ceramic tool surface on a fiberglass support structure produces good quality parts without the expense of traditional aluminum tooling.
Expanding business opportunities
Now that Magic Vac is equipped and experienced in forming TPO, the company hopes to introduce its own design for a generic cap that can be used by trailer manufacturers who might not find it economical to purchase custom parts. “Sizes are pretty much standard in this industry, with trailer widths from four feet to 100 inches,’ notes Wilkins. “The flexibility of TPO will allow for minor variations in size and configuration. And the combination of the ceramic tooling and the Sequel and Indure materials should allow us to offer a line of economical parts to manufacturers in the western part of the country.”
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LyondellBasell Industries is one of the world’s largest polymers, petrochemicals and fuels companies. We are the global leader in polyolefins technology, production and marketing; a pioneer in propylene oxide and derivatives; and a significant producer of fuels and refined products, including biofuels. Through research and development, LyondellBasell develops innovative materials and technologies that deliver exceptional customer value and products that improve quality of life for people around the world. Headquartered in The Netherlands, LyondellBasell (www.lyondellbasell.com) is privately owned by Access Industries.
For additional product information, contact:
Roger Jean, LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins
Tel: +1 248 391 9523
For additional information on Magic Vac, contact:
Larry Wilkins, Owner-Manager
Tel: +1 801 566 6665
Editors note: Press photographs to accompany this story can be downloaded from
http://lyondellbasell.mediaroom.com (add specifics for file location)
LyondellBasell Advanced Polyolefins USA Inc. www.apo.lyondellbasell.com